Modular Origami
Modular Origami

Instructions & Diagrams

Sonobe Units

How to fold a Sonobe unit? Diagrams by Helena Verrill: Part 1 and Part 2. Diagrams by Dave Mitchell: Part 1 and Part 2. YouTube: Video. Very useful: Instructions for assembling various polyhedra with Sonobe units — this is a free chapter from Meenakshi Mukerji's book: Marvelous Modular Origami (2007, 92 pages).

Sonobe Variations: Sonobe3 by Meenakshi Mukerji. Two-Thirds Sonobe by Meenakshi Mukerji. Daisy Sonobe by Meenakshi Mukerji. Sonobe Variation by Victoria Babinsky.

Edge and Face Modules

Penultimate Module by Robert Neal: Instructions by Jim Plank.

PhiZZ Module by Tom Hull: Instructions. Another set of Instructions.

Ow's Module by Francis Ow: Instructions.

Oxi Module by Michał Kosmulski: Instructions.

An Edge Module by Carmen Sprung: Instructions.

Chrysanthemum by Leroy: Instructions.

Arabesque by Mio Tsugawa: Instructions.

Windowed Icosahedron and Snub Models by Tung Ken Lam.

Isosceles Triangle Unit by Meenakshi Mukerji.

Jitterbug Module by Tung Ken Lam: Instructions. The first step is to make equilateral triangle, which is explained nicely in this YouTube video. Models with this module are difficult to assemble because the units do not interlock snugly — you might have to glue.

Plane Sonobe: Instructions.

Kusudama and Dodecahedra

Many models by Mio Tsugawa.

Many models at Russian websiteKusudamas and Polyhedra.

Scanned copy of Kusudama Ball Origami (in Russian) — Instructions can still be followed.

Diagrams by Silvana Maminoanother link.

Diagrams for Three Traditional Models.

Kusudamas by Mikhail Puzakov and Ludmila Kovalenko.

Chrysanthemum by Leroy.

Kusudama Venus: Part I and Part II.

Intersecting Planes

XYZ (3 Rectangles) by Francis Ow.

XYZ-mbe (3 Squares) by Nick Robinson.

XYZ (3 Rectangles) by Mick Guy.

XYZ (3 Diamonds) by Francis Ow.

WXYZ (4 Triangles) by Tung Ken Lam.

WXYZ (3 Y-Shapes) by Francis Ow.

Octahedral Cross (3 Red Crosses) by Tung Ken Lam — YouTube video

Tornado by Francis Ow.

VWXYZ (5 Red-Crosses) by Francis Ow — Photo Instructions.

Blintz Icosidodecahedron (PDF) (6 Pentagons) by Tung Ken Lam

UVWXYZ (6 5-Arm Crosses) by Meenakshi Mukerji.

UVWXYZ (6 Pentagons) by M Leonard.

TUVWXYZ by M Leonard.

TUVWXYZ (Rectangles) by Meenakshi Mukerji.

TUVWXYZ (Hexagons) by Meenakshi Mukerji.

TUVWXYZ (7 Six-Sided Stars) by Meenakshi Mukerji.

STUVWXYZ (8 Seven-Sided Stars) by Meenakshi Mukerji.

STUVWXYZ by Meenakshi Mukerji.

STUVWXYZ by Meenakshi Mukerji.

RSTUVWXYZ by Meenakshi Mukerji (Photographic instructions).

RSTUVWXYZ by Meenakshi Mukerji.

RSTUVWXYZ by M Leonard.

QRSTUVWXYZ by Meenakshi Mukerji.

Interlocking Wire Models

Four Intersecting Tetrahedra: Instructions by Tom Hull. YouTube: Video Instrucions.

Six Intersecting Squares by Robert Lang: Instructions by Jorge C Lucero.

Robert Lang's models (called Polypolyhedra): Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. To visualize these models, VRML models by Carlos Furuti are helpful.

Daniel Kwan has uploaded Pictures and Instructions at Flickr. Since these are challenging to navigate, I have sorted individual models for you:

Four Triangular Prisms: Picture and Instructions: Part-1, Part-2, Part-3 & Part-4.

(Starburst) Six Pentagonal Prisms: Picture and Instructions: Part-1, Part-2 & Part-3.

Three Square Anti-Prisms: Picture and Instructions.

Five Truncated Tetrahedra: Picture — Instructions not available.

Four Irregular Hexahedra: Picture and Instructions.

Five Wrinkled Octahedra: Picture — Instructions not available.

Three Gyroelongated Square Dipyramids: Picture — Instructions not available.

Quadra-hadra-pudra-phedron: Picture and Instructions.

Snowflakes, Dice & Fractals

Dice by David Petty.

Fuzzy Cube by David Petty.

Knobbly Cube by David Petty.

Menger's Sponge by David Petty.

Miscellaneous Modules

Umulius Rectangulum by Thoki Yenn: Instructions and Instructions. YouTube videos: First and Second.

Tri-Module by Nick Robinson (for fractals): Instructions.

Spike Balls by Rona Gurkewitz and Bennett Arnstein.

Knotology by H Strobl.

30-Pointed Star.

Stellated Dodecahedra by Paolo Bascetta.

Ostrum by Tchami.

Lazy Tetrahedron I by Tung Ken Lam.

Lazy Tetrahedron II by Tung Ken Lam.

Sprinklers by Paula Vernick.

Bucky Balls by David Petty.

Yoshino Star #2.

That Simple Unit by Charles Esseltine.

Modular Fireworks.

Butterfly Ball by Kawamura: Part IPart IIPart III.

Curler Units by Herman van Goubergen.


Football by M Leonard: Part IPart IIPart III.

Icosahedron by M Leonard.

Moreno's Unit.

Spiral Star.

Diagrams by Maarten van Gelder (check out Star Kusudama).

How To Make A Tassel.

Websites by Designers

Meenakshi Mukerji &dmash; Mio Tsugawa — Francis Ow (I & II) — Jorge C LuceroSilvana Mamino (Diagrams) — Mikhail Puzakov & Ludmila KovalenkoDave MitchellMichał KosmulskiNick RobinsonRobert LangDavid PettyMark Leonard has DiagramsModular Ball by Fumiyaki Kawahata and Web Star by Philip Shen.

Origami Kawakami at Brazil has lots of pictures and instructions.

Jorge C Lucero maintains has instructions. by Isa Klein has diagrams.

Miscellaneous Websites

Portugese websiteModular Origami has Photo Instructions for many models.

Modular Origami in Argentina by Laura Azcoaga — Plane Sonobe and Scaled Octahedron, for example.

Two diagrams by Ingeborg de Wolff: Step by Step 60 and Kusudama.

Free Diagrams by Oriland (Yuri and Katrin Shumakov).

Centro Diffusione Origami: An Italian website with a couple of free diagrams.

A Mexican website with a couple of free diagrams.

3-D stars with strips of paper.


Ingeborg de Wolff has made models from numerous books! A gallery with links to diagrams — several video instructions.

P & O Origami.

Flickr: onesmallcrease.

Michał Kosmulski.

Meenakshi Mukerji — with links to diagrams.

G Tarigan

Gurmeet Singh Manku — with links to diagrams.

Halina NarlochGallery — with links to diagrams.

Krystyny Burczyk.

Youtube Videos


28 Sep 2008
© Copyright 2008—2017, Gurmeet Manku.